Notes: March 2, 2008 – Exodus 21 & 22

The next several chapters list laws concerning various crimes and situations.


Exodus 21

I. RE: Servants (Exodus 21:1-11)

7-year maximum service for Hebrews as slaves

Pierced ears and voluntary servitude

The owner’s responsibility to provide for his slaves


II. RE: Murder and Manslaughter (Exodus 21:12-27)

Murder is a capital crime. Without controversy the 6th commandment forbids murder; and here in the very next chapter is instruction regarding the death penalty for murderers. Yes, execution is taking a life; but doing so at the command of God.

The distinction between manslaughter and murder; and the varying punishments thereof.

Kidnapping is a capital crime.

Extreme dishonor of parents is a capital crime.

Liability for bodily injury to another is covered.

Killing a slave is a crime.

Accidental injury to an unborn child is a crime.

The eye for an eye principle (24-25)


III. RE: Dangerous Animals (Exodus 21:28-36)

Animals who kill people should be put to death.

People who allow their animals to kill people should be put to death.


Exodus 22

I. RE: Stealing and Restitution (Exodus 22:1-6)

Thieves should give back what they’ve stolen double.

If the stolen goods are gone, then the thieves should pay back 4 or 5 times the value.


II. RE: Steward’s Financial Responsibility (Exodus 22:7-15)

If you accept goods for safe keeping, you accept financial responsibility for their loss


III. RE: Premarital sex, Witchcraft and Charity (Exodus 22:16-25)

The practice of dowry.

Witchcraft is a capital crime.

Bestiality is a capital crime.

Worshipping false gods is a capital crime.

Do not take advantage of foreigners, widows or orphans.  Remember your own heritage.


IV. RE: Borrowing, Lending and Offering to the Lord (Exodus 22:26-31)

Interest free loans for your family.

God requires the firstborn of all your house–sons and animals.


Meditation Point:

Ye shall be holy (Exodus 22:31). God’s purpose in regulating the affairs of men is that they might see that God has standards of thought, word and deed.