Notes: July 12-13, 2008 – 2 Samuel 23 & 1 Chronicles 11

David’s Captains

  Name
(1 Samuel)
Name
(1 Chronicles)
Father Town/Region/Country Notes
1 Adino     Eznite 800 at once
2 Eleazar x Dodo Ahohite 1 of 3 with David
3 Shammah   Agee Hararite lentile field
4 Abishai x Zeruiah   brother of Joab
5 Benaiah x Jehoiada Kabzeel lion in snow
6 Asahel x     brother of Joab
7 Elhanan x Dodo Bethlehem  
8 Shammah     Harodite  
9 Elika     Harodite  
10 Helez x   Paltite  
11 Ira x Ikkesh Tekoite  
12 Abiezer x   Anethothite  
13 Mebunnai     Hushathite  
14 Zalmon     Ahohite  
15 Maharai x   Netophathite  
16 Heleb Heled Baanah Netophathite  
17 Ittai Ithai Ribai Gibeah of Benjamin  
18 Benaiah x   Pirathonite  
19 Hiddai Hurai   brooks of Gaash  
20 Abialbon Abiel   Arbathite  
21 Azmaveth x   Barhumite  
22 Eliahba x Jashen Shaalbonite  
23 Jonathan x (Shage) (Hararite)  
24 Shammah Shammoth   Hararite (Harorite) -maybe #8? -
25 Ahiam x Sharar Hararite  
26 Eliphlet   Ahasbai Maachathite  
27 Eliam   Ahithophel Gilonite  
28 Hezrai Hezro   Carmelite  
29 Paarai     Arbite  
30 Igal   Nathan Zobah  
31 Bani     Gadite  
32 Zelek x   Ammonite  
33 Nahari x   Beerothite (Berothite) Joab’s armorbearer
34 Ira x   Ithrite  
35 Gareb x   Ithrite  
36 Uriah x   Hittite  
37 DAVID        
38   Jashobeam   Hachmonite chief of captains
39   Sibbecai   Hushathite  
40   Ilai   Ahohite  
41   sons of Hashem Gizonite  
42   Eliphal Ur    
43   Hepher   Mecherathite  
44   Ahijah   Pelonite  
45   Naarai Ezbai    
46   Joel     brother of Nathan
47   Mibhar Haggeri    
48   Zabad Ahlai    
49   Adina Shize Reubenite captain of 30 men
50   Hanan Maachah    
51   Joshaphat   Mithnite  
52   Uzzia   Ashterathite  
53   Shama Hothan Aroerite  
54   Jehiel Hothan Aroerite  
55   Jediael Shimri Tizite  
56   Joha Shimri Tizite  
57   Eliel   Mahavite  
58   Jeribai Elnaam    
59   Joshaviah Elnaam    
60   Ithmah   Moabite  
61   Eliel      
62   Obed      
63   Jasiel   Mesobaite  

 

Meditation Points:

  • 1 Samuel 22:2 tells us that these men represented the distressed, indebted, and discontented.
  • All volunteers. Were they dissatisfied with Saul, or had they heard that David was God’s choice?
  • Some fierce fighters (vss. 8-10, 11-12, 18, 20-21).
  • Brave and dedicated men (vss. 15-17).
  • Brothers (Joab’s brothers, sons of Hothan, sons of Shimri, sons of Elnaam).
  • Brother and son of Nathan (the prophet?).
  • Foreigners (Ammonite, Hittite, Moabite).
  • Men with notable fathers; and men with unremembered fathers.
  • Men from notable towns and regions; and men from places unknown.
  • Men remembered by their deeds; and men remembered only as being part of the brave men who gathered around David.
  • Men of remarkable actions who are not chosen to be top leaders.
  • Joab is mentioned in the notes, but he is not listed among the captains.
  • Uriah would later be killed to cover up David’s sin with Uriah’s wife Bathsheeba.
  • Men whose names are spelled differently by different writers.
  • But all of them men whom God remembers and whom God would have us remember.

 

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